Add Leading Zero ABAP is a common requirement in the daily task of ABAP developer.
How to handle leading and padding zeros for SAP Data and variables in SAP using ABAP with common case of SAP Material Number
Add Leading Zero ABAP
In order to add zeros in ABAP, in general use the standard function CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_INPUT.
This function will add the leading zeros until filling the length with the output. It will check the Data Type and domain in order to calculate how many zeros will be added.
SAP Material Add Leading Zeros ABAP
For Material, I recommend using another function:CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_INPUT
In one project I have been working on, in some systems, SAP Material Numbers are stored in SAP Material Master data with leading zeros and for some others systems, the SAP Material Number is handled without leading zeros in SAP.
CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_INPUT'
INPUT = WA_MATNR
OUTPUT = WA_MATNR.
In the opposite, to remove the Zeros in SAP Material Number use rather CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_OUTPUT.
These both Conversion routines are set in MATNR domain.
Add Leading Zeros in ABAP
There are some other ways to add the zeros in ABAP Variable.
ABAP Unpack Statement
ABAP Statement Unpack is the easiest way to deal with zeros padding in ABAP.
It can be a serious alternative for the conversion_exit_alpha_input.
DATA : input(16),
output(6) TYPE c VALUE '123456'.
unpack output to input.
write /: v1 , v2
Read also SAP Alternative Unit of Measure for Material.
ABAP Default Casting Or Write
ABAP can handle formatting SAP variables when copying variables. It will add the leading zeros for example if you copy a string variable containing a number to an integer.
The Integer variable will have the needed zeros.
Data: Lv_Char(10) type c value '12345'.
Data: lv_num(10) type n.
lv_num = lv_char.
" lv_num = '0000012345'
Other Zeros Padding Alternative in ABAP
The ABAP WRITE statement has multiple functionalities within the formatting tools.
- To Add zeros: WRITE lv_variable USING EDIT MASK ‘==ALPHA’.
- To Remove zeros: WRITE lv_variable no NO-ZERO.
For more complete ABAP Tutorials check the following book Mastering SAP ABAP: A complete guide to developing fast, durable, and maintainable ABAP programs in SAP